Residential Roof Wind Damage
Building & Repairing Roofs in the Austin, Elgin, and Central Texas Region for Over 25 Years
Residential Roof Wind Damage
Wind does not move a roof uniformly. Corners and the roof’s perimeter can be susceptible to higher wind pressures, while the center might have lower stresses. Because of this, most wind damage to a roof starts on the edge. Anywhere the roofing material is even a little bit loose, the wind can get below it and push it up, thus giving the wind more to grab onto next time and creating a chain peeling effect. This type of wind damage can start very small but continue to grow over time through repeated exposure to wind.
Once the whole insulation corner is exposed, the rain gets in and starts to cause leaks and water damage. Homeowners can avoid this type of wind damage by making certain materials on the edge and corners of their roof are strong enough and in good condition to withstand high winds.
Flying Debris and Tree Damage
Significant wind events also move debris which can make its way onto your roof. Shards of glass, tree branches and other debris can sometimes be more damaging than the wind itself. When inspecting the roof after a wind event, investigate what might have blown onto or across the roof. Also, it’s a good idea to check your gutters and downspouts as debris can easily clog them and create other headaches down the road. Keep trees trimmed and away from your roof. Tree branches touching a roof will scratch and gouge roofing materials when the wind blows the branches. Falling branches from overhanging trees can damage or even puncture shingles and other roofing materials.
How to Check for Roof Wind Damage
Perform an Outdoor Inspection. Look for missing and damaged shingles (damaged shingles might be curled, cracked, or torn) on your roof or around your property. If this type of damage is localized (i.e., it covers less than 30 percent of the entire roof), roofing repairs might address the problem. More extensive damage might necessitate roof replacement. Also, keep in mind that the roof itself and the chimney, ventilation pipes, roof flashing, gutters, and fencing can also become damaged. Be sure to inspect them for damage as well.
If you suspect that your roof is damaged, here is an essential list of what to look for
Curling, loss of granulation, broken, damaged, or missing shingles
Mold or decay, splitting or curling
Soffits and Fascia
Tears, buckling around roof penetrations
Excess cement, crumbling
Soffit and Ridge Vents
Clogged or damaged vents, flashing and shingles around them curling or missing.
Obvious patches, cracks or tears, several blisters and wrinkles (also check patched areas from inside the attic)
Decay or rust, leaky seams, loosely attached to the structure, bent or sagging, missing sections of gutter or downspout, filled with debris. Clogged drains can quickly freeze shut and cause excessive weight on gutter fasteners, ice dam conditions, and slippery walks below.
Leaning, loose or missing flashing, damaged bricks, cap, or cracked joints. Chimney flashing is especially prone to tearing because a chimney settles independently from the house.
Perform an Indoor Inspection
Moisture marks, brown, yellow, or grey stains, and peeling paint on walls and ceilings could all indicate a damaged, leaking roof. Also, check your attic for damp rafters or leaks. And if you experience a sudden surge in energy costs, it could be a sign that your roof ventilation is compromised.
Call in a Professional
Call in a roofer for a professional inspection. Getting on your roof yourself is not recommended as it can lead to personal injury and further damage to your property. A trained professional also has the tools and safety techniques to get up on your roof and check for damage.
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